ISO 45001 introduces a small number of requirements that are largely new when compared to OHSAS 18001:2007, including:
- Understanding the Organisation and its context (4.1)
- Understanding the needs and expectations of workers and other interested parties (4.2)
- Action to address risks and opportunities (6.1)
- Assessment of risks to the OH&S Management System (184.108.40.206)
- Identification of OH&S opportunities (220.127.116.11)
- Planning to take action (6.1.4)
ISO/DIS 45001:2016 consolidates requirements, spread across a number of clauses of OHSAS 18001:2007, into stand-alone requirements including (OHSAS 18001 clause numbers in brackets).
- Management of Change (4.3.1; 18.104.22.168; 4.4.6; 22.214.171.124; 4.6)
- Outsourcing, Procurement and Contractors (4.2; 4.3.1; 4.3.2; 4.4.1; 4.4.2; 126.96.36.199; 188.8.131.52; 4.4.6)
- Continual Improvement (4.1; 4.3; 4.3.3; 4.4.1; 4.4.2; 184.108.40.206)
ISO/DIS 45001:2016 clauses represent modification of what is required in OHSAS 18001:2007 rather than being a totally new requirement. For example (ISO/DIS 45001 clause numbers in brackets):
- Scope (4.3)
- Leadership and Commitment (5.1)
- OH&S Policy (5.2)
- Organizational roles, responsibilities, accountabilities and authorities (5.3)
- Hazard Identification (220.127.116.11)
- OH&S Objectives (6.2.1) and Planning to Achieve (6.2.2)
- Information and Communication (7.4)
- Operational Planning and Control (8.1.1)
- Hierarchy of Controls (8.1.2)
- Outsourcing (8.3)
- Emergency Preparedness (8.6)
- Monitoring, measurement, analysis and evaluation (9.1)
- Internal Audit (9.2)
- Management Review (9.3)
- Incident, Nonconformity, Corrective Action (9.1.1)
- Continual Improvement (10.2)
ISO/DIS 45001 is based on a 1-10 Section structure. Accordingly, ISO 45001 simply relocates a requirement that is very similar to a requirement in OHSAS 18001:2007.
If you are familiar with OHSAS 18001:2007 you will be familiar with many of the requirements and concepts in ISO/DIS 45001:2016, including:
- The Plan-Do-Check-Act model remains the fundamental “systems” model promoted by ISO/DIS 45001.
- The overall intent (a framework for managing prevention of death, injury, ill-health) is consistent with OHSAS 18001:2007.
- ISO/DIS 45001 maintains (and enhances) the focus on the role of top management in an effective OH&S management system
- ISO/DIS 45001 maintains a strong focus on hazard, risk, controls focus
- Very similar requirements for:
– Planning and policy
– Legal requirements
– Improvement – objectives, action planning, monitoring.
– Awareness, consultation, competency needed
– Resources required to support system
– Monitoring, evaluating, analysing OHS performance and improvement.
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